NUTRITION IS A HEALTH SCIENCE PERTAINING TO FOOD AND IT’S EFFECTS ON THE BODY…
• Good nutrition lowers the risk for many chronic diseases, including heart disease, stroke, some types of cancer, diabetes, and osteoporosis.
• Recent research shows that good nutrition and exercise are by far the most effective prevention against developing diabetes.
• Only about 25% of the U.S. adult population complies with the recommended five or more servings of fruits and vegetables each day.
• Poor eating habits often develop during childhood. Greater than 60% of youth eat too much fat, and less than 20% eat the recommended five or more servings of fruits and vegetables each day.
• Nationally, an estimated 61% of adults and 13% of children and adolescents were overweight or obese in 1999. The number of overweight children has nearly doubled since 1980.
• Research shows that 106.9 million American adults (55.6 million men and 51.3 million women) are overweight (body mass index [BMI]?? of 25.0 and higher). Using a BMI of 30.0 or higher, 43.6 million American adults are obese (18.4 million men and 25.2 million women).
POOR NUTRITION & SEDENTARY LIFESTYLE:
According to Healthy People 2010, the two leading health indicators for the nation are lifestyle-related: (1) physical activity and (2) overweight and obesity.
NUTRITION IS ONE OF THE CAUSES OF OBESITY RELATED DISEASES
Poor nutrition and lack of appropriate physical activity are major causes of obesity and diabetes, which are considered national epidemics. Additionally, poor nutrition and physical inactivity contribute to a host of other diseases such as heart disease and cancer, the two leading causes of death in the U.S. The enormous social and economic costs of these lifestyle issues have gotten the attention of our nation’s leaders, who are now summoning a major “call to action” across America: “Promoting healthy lifestyles should be a national priority, beginning in our schools and carrying over into our work places, communities, and especially into our health care system.”
Whole Foods Are
Your best source of Micronutrients
Whole foods are your best sources of vitamins and minerals. They offer three main benefits over dietary supplements:
§ Greater nutrition. Whole foods are complex, containing a variety of the micronutrients your body needs — not just one. An orange, for example, provides vitamin C plus some beta carotene, calcium and other nutrients. A vitamin C supplement lacks these other micronutrients.
§ Essential fiber. Whole foods provide dietary fiber. Fiber, as part of a healthy diet, can help prevent certain diseases, such as type 2 diabetes and heart disease, and it can also help manage constipation.
§ Protective substances. Whole foods contain other substances recognized as important for good health. Fruits and vegetables, for example, contain naturally occurring food substances called phytochemicals, which may help protect you against cancer, heart disease, diabetes and high blood pressure. Many are also good sources of antioxidants — substances that slow down oxidation, a natural process that leads to cell and tissue damage.
The Consequences Of Lifestyle….
• A person’s “Lifestyle” plays a major role in a persons physical and mental health.
• Lifestyle is a description of one’s living rituals and habits. Including, but not exclusive to one’s diet, eating habits, physical activity, stress level.
• A person’s behavior, cultural background, genetic make-up and socio-economic status, plays a major role in the type of Lifestyle they innately develop.
• Poor nutrition and lack of physical activity are responsible for an estimated 300,000 to 600,000 preventable deaths each year.
• An estimated one third of all cancers are attributable to poor nutrition, physical inactivity, and being overweight.
• Since nutrition and physical activity are associated with many chronic conditions, it is important to note that more than 90 million Americans live with chronic illnesses,which represent 70% of all deaths, 60% of medical care costs, and one third of theyears of potential life lost before age 65 in the U.S.
“Obesity is an Epidemic that can be considered a 21st Century Plague”